Curriculum Connection

 

English Language Arts Course Descriptions
The course description describes the big ideas of the course.

Kindergarten English Language Arts

Reading

In kindergarten, students understand and apply concepts of print, phonological and phonemic awareness. They expand their oral language skills and gain meaningful vocabulary for reading. Students demonstrate comprehension by participating in a variety of responses when listening to or viewing informational and literary text. They are interested in a variety of books.

Writing

In kindergarten, students use pictures and print to convey meaning. They realize that ideas and thoughts are communicated in symbols. Students learn to form letters and show increasing knowledge of letters, sounds, and patterns. They copy signs, labels, names, and words in environmental print. They draft simple sentences, often with the same structure repeated within a piece or used in several pieces. As they choose to write for their own satisfaction, much of their writing will be about themselves, their families, pets, and friends.

Language: Grammar and Conventions

Grammar consists of a description of all the elements in a language. It is the art of speaking or writing with correctness. Students will develop and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when reading, writing, speaking and listening.

1st Grade English Language Arts

Reading

In first grade, students apply concepts of print, phonological and phonemic awareness, oral language skills, and phonics. They continue to expand their reading vocabulary and demonstrate comprehension by participating in a variety of responses. Students choose and read a variety of books for pleasure.

Writing

In first grade, students are able to develop an idea or item of information beyond one sentence, adding some details of description or explanation. Simple sentences are sequenced with some logical development. Students use some prewriting strategies with support from the teacher. Although phonetic spelling is common, there is a marked increase in the number of words spelled accurately, and students demonstrate an awareness of some spelling patterns. As understanding of revising and editing develops, students reread what they write, and the clarity and accuracy of writing increases. Conventions of punctuation, directionality, spacing, and letter formation ensure work is legible.

Language: Grammar and Conventions

Grammar consists of a description of all the elements in a language. It is the art of speaking or writing with correctness. Students will develop and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when reading, writing, speaking and listening.

2nd Grade English Language Arts

Reading

In second grade, students become fluent as readers and apply comprehension and vocabulary strategies to a wide variety of literary and informational text. They demonstrate comprehension by participating in discussions, writing responses, and using evidence from text to support their thinking. Reading for pleasure continues to be an enjoyable habit.

Writing

In second grade, students make significant progress as they move from single-idea and patterned sentences to more detailed and sequential text, often including more than one event or descriptive element. Students demonstrate a considered approach to their writing by planning purposefully and working toward accuracy and effectiveness by making some conscious word choices. Sentence structures are varied within a single piece of writing. Students write in a variety of forms, including nonfiction, while maintaining the basic conventions of writing. Students notice mistakes while rereading and revise by adding details.

Language: Grammar and Conventions

Grammar consists of a description of all the elements in a language. It is the art of speaking or writing with correctness. Students will develop and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when reading, writing, speaking and listening.

3rd Grade English Language Arts

Reading

In 3rd grade, students select and combine skills to read fluently with meaning and purpose. They apply comprehension and vocabulary strategies to a wider variety of literary genres and informational text. Students demonstrate comprehension by participating in discussions, writing responses, and using evidence from text to support their thinking. They read for pleasure and choose books based on personal preference, topic, or author.

Writing

In third grade, students are writing longer texts, especially narratives. They embed their ideas in time and place and develop characters through detail and dialogue. Students organize around a central idea and elaborate using complete sentences. Their writing is often divided into sections through paragraphing or book parts (e.g., tables of contents, chapters). Information gathering as part of the planning process is common, and students are becoming more selective about vocabulary, especially when writing informational texts. They listen to others’ writing, offer feedback, and begin to consider suggestions from others about their own writing.

Language: Grammar and Conventions

Grammar consists of a description of all the elements in a language. It is the art of speaking or writing with correctness. Students will develop and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when reading, writing, speaking and listening.

4th Grade English Language Arts

Reading

In fourth grade, students read skillfully with meaning and purpose using appropriate comprehension and vocabulary strategies. Students read, discuss, reflect, and respond, using evidence from text, to a wide variety of literary genres and informational text. Students read for pleasure and continue to choose books based on personal preference, topic, theme, or author.

Writing

In fourth grade, students write for a range of purposes, including describing, telling a story, and explaining. They are able to produce writing that goes beyond the formulaic. Because they are aware of the interdependence of the topic, audience, purpose, and form, they are able to select and sometimes adapt basic forms to meet specific requirements. Their understanding and use of figurative language introduces imagery to their writing. Informational writing reflects understanding of specific purpose, often requiring gathering and synthesizing information from a number of resources to express and justify an opinion. Students are more aware of the conventions of writing as they reflect on their strengths and weaknesses and strive to improve.

Language: Grammar and Conventions

Grammar consists of a description of all the elements in a language. It is the art of speaking or writing with correctness. Students will develop and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when reading, writing, speaking and listening.

5th Grade English Language Arts

Reading

In fifth grade, students broaden and deepen their understanding of informational and literary text. Students reflect on their skills and adjust their comprehension and vocabulary strategies to become better readers. Students discuss, reflect, and respond, using evidence from text, to a wide variety of literary genres and informational text. Students read for pleasure, choosing books based on personal preference, topic, genre, theme, or author.

Writing

In fifth grade, students have developed a strong personal voice in their writing. This is demonstrated by the way they sometimes inject humor into their narratives and how they add emphasis or opinion into informational persuasive writing. Students use precise, specialized vocabulary appropriately in content- area writing. They experiment with sentence length and complex sentence structures and vary leads and endings. Collaborative writing efforts are taken seriously, often with assigned responsibilities and checklists. Scoring guides, often student-initiated, provide criteria for critiquing their own work and that of others. These guides are often detailed, addressing content, organization, style, and conventions.

Language: Grammar and Conventions

Grammar consists of a description of all the elements in a language. It is the art of speaking or writing with correctness. Students will develop and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when reading, writing, speaking and listening.

6th Grade English Language Arts

Reading

In sixth grade, students are aware of the author's craft. They are able to adjust their purpose, pace and strategies according to difficulty and/or type of text. Students continue to reflect on their skills and adjust their comprehension and vocabulary strategies to become better readers. Students discuss, reflect, and respond, using evidence from text, to a wide variety of literary genres and informational text. Students read for pleasure and choose books based on personal preference, topic, genre, theme, or author.

Writing

In sixth grade, students approach writing with purpose and maintain their focus. They use form, content, technique, and conventions flexibly to meet their own purpose or assignment requirements. Competence is evident in skills of paragraphing, summarizing, and synthesizing in exposition, persuasion, and content- area writing, whereas fiction writing reflects an awareness of its role to entertain, explore human relationships, and persuade. Students work toward precision in spelling in all writing and evaluate honestly both their own work and the work of others, making a concerted effort to improve weak traits. Students consider writing to be an important and effective tool for furthering their own learning.

Language: Grammar and Conventions

Grammar consists of a description of all the elements in a language. It is the art of speaking or writing with correctness. Students will develop and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when reading, writing, speaking and listening.



Grade 6 - At A Glance

Middle School English Language Arts

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Grade 7

In this level, students extend their exploration of the role of personal voice in writing. They look at persuasive techniques, appeals, language and images in print and nonprint texts to inform their analyses and inferences for audience, purpose, and point of view. Through consistent practice and learning strategies, students continue to hone their reading and writing skills. Oral presentations and collaborative work give them opportunities to improve interpersonal communication skills as well as more formal presentation skills.


Grade 7 - At A Glance

Grade 7 - Literature Selections

Grade 8

In this level, students focus on analysis of heroic archetypes and character traits, while also reading and evaluating elements of both fiction and nonfiction texts. Students continue to hone their writing skills through projects such as writing essays to define a concept, persuade an audience, and present point of view. Students' speaking, listening, and performance skills are enhanced with opportunities for both formal and informal presentations.


Grade 8 - At A Glance
Grade 8 - Literature Selections

High School English Language Arts

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Grade 9

Building on their knowledge of literary elements in traditional literary genres, students study the relationship between narrative voice and style, while also analyzing literary and stylistic elements in film and literature. Persuasive writing skills are enhanced through practice using rhetorical appeals in writing. Performance and oral interpretation of literature build students' speaking and listening skills. Research continues to play an important role as students evaluate social, cultural, and historical influences on texts. Students also continue to evaluate their use of strategies.


Grade 9 - At A Glance
Grade 9 - Literature Selections

Grade 10

Students read and analyze works of world literature, with emphasis on analysis of how choices in stylistic elements and rhetorical appeals shape tone in writing persuasive and argumentative texts, both print and nonprint. Students gain experience deconstructing writing prompts and practicing the skills of writing a synthesis essay that incorporates perspectives from multiple sources, an important AP skill. Students develop their independent learning skills as they respond to opportunities for self-evaluation.


Grade 10 - At A Glance
Grade 10 - Literature Selections

Grade 11

Eleventh Grade focuses on American Fiction and nonfiction, using literary and other texts to present the iconic idea of the American Dream. Students research historical and contemporary texts as they articulate the origins and impact of the ideals and realities of the American Dream on life today and on personal thinking. Students are expected to articulate personal convictions and propose solutions to social issues. Writing in a variety of modes - personal essays, opinions and editorials, credos, reflective self-evaluation, speeches, satire, dramatic scripts, surveys, literary analyses, and research projects - students expand their skills in communicating well through written language.


Grade 11 - At a Glance

 

Grade 12

Twelfth grade students select and combine skills to read fluently with meaning and purpose. They apply comprehension and vocabulary strategies to a wider variety of literary genres and informational text. Students demonstrate comprehension by participating in discussions, writing responses, and using evidence from text to support their thinking. They read for pleasure and choose books based on personal preference, topic, or author.

 

English Language Arts
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